Embalming: History, Theory, and Practice, 6th Edition (2022)


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Required textbook for both online and on-campus Embalming courses.

2022 Release Date – most current (6th) edition is necessary for coursework.

The most complete and up-to-date text on the art and science of embalming

This new edition of the trusted classic delivers the most current information on the art and science of embalming, restorative art, and mortuary cosmetology. The authors give special attention to creating a safe working environment, from the standpoint of ergonomics, personal hygiene, and the use of embalming chemicals. Expanded technical areas of the book help you prepare the body for viewing without using standard embalming chemicals.

Embalming: History, Theory, and Practice features thorough coverage of:

  • Legal, social, and technical considerations of embalming
  • Health and regulatory standards
  • Chemicals and methods
  • Specific conditions and causes of death that influence the type of embalming
  • Preparation of anatomical donors
  • Preparation of organ and tissue donors
  • Embalming for shipping

New to this edition:

  • All new color photographs
  • New chapter on the preparation of organ and tissue donors
  • Additional questions and terminology in each chapter
  • Updated information on instrumentation and OSHA material
  • Greater emphasis on the use of personal protective equipment
  • Alternative methods of body disposition

PART I. The Theory and Practice of Embalming

1. Origins of Embalming and Reverent Care of the Dead
2. Fundamentals of Embalming
3. Personal Health and Regulatory Standards
4. The Preparation Room
5. Death: Agonal and Postmortem Changes
6. Embalming Chemicals
7. Use of Embalming Chemicals
8. Anatomical Considerations
9. Embalming Vessel Sites and Selections
10. Embalming Analysis
11. Preparation of the Body Prior to Arterial Injection
12. Injection and Drainage Techniques
13. Distribution and Diffusion of Arterial Solution
14. Cavity Embalming
15. Treatments after Arterial Injection
16. General Age Considerations
17. Preparation of Autopsied Bodies
18. Preparation of Organ and Tissue Donors
19. Delayed Embalming
20. Discolorations
21. Moisture Considerations
22. Vascular Considerations
23. Effect of Drugs on the Embalming Process
24. Selected Conditions
25. Viewing without Embalming, Delayed Viewing, Re-embalming, and Human Remains Shipping

PART II. The Origin and History of Embalming
Edward C. Johnson, Gail R. Johnson, and Melissa Johnson

PART III. History of Modern Restorative Art
Edward C. Johnson, Gail R. Johnson, and Melissa J. Williams

PART IV. Selected Readings
1. Summary of Guidelines Submitted to OSHA from the National Funeral Directors Association Committee on Infectious Disease, Summer, 1989
2. Mortuary Care of Armed Forces Service Members. From: Standards for Department of Defense (DOD) Mortuary Facilities and for Drafting a Performance Work Statement (PWS) for DOD Contracted Mortuary Services, March 2019
3. Identification: An Essential Part of What We Do – Michael Kubasak
4. The Mathematics of Embalming Chemistry: Part I. A Critical Evaluation of “One-Bottle” Embalming Chemical Claims- Jerome F. Frederick, PhD
5. The Measurement of Formaldehyde Retention in the Tissues of Embalmed Bodies- John Kroshus, Joseph McConnell, and Jay Bardole
6. The Two-Year Fix: Long-Term Preservation for Delayed Viewing- Kerry Don Peterson
7. Occupational Exposure to Formaldehyde in Mortuaries – L. Lamont Moore, CIH, CSP and Eugene C. Ogrodnik, MS
8. The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Formaldehyde (Is It Good or Is It Evil?)- Maureen Robinson
9. The Preparation Room: Ventilation- Jack Adams, CFSP
10. Risk of Infection and Tracking of Work-related Infectious Diseases in the Funeral Industry- Susan Salter Davidson, MS, MT (ASCP) and William H. Benjamin, Jr., PhD
11. Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease: A Comprehensive Guide for Healthcare Personnel, Section 3: Information for Embalmers- Curtis D. Rostad, CFSP
12. Hepatitis from A to G- Kim Collison
13. The Increase in MRSA and VRE- Mike Cloud, Jr.
14. The Antimicrobial Activity of Embalming Chemicals and Topical Disinfectants on the Microbial Flora of Human Remains- Peter A. Burke and A. L. Sheffner
15. The Microbiologic Evaluation and Enumeration of Postmortem Specimens from Human Remains- Gordon W. Rose, PhD and Robert N. Hockett, MS
16. Professional Hair Care for Human Remains- Darla A. Tripoli, CO, LFD, CFSP
17. Restricted Cervical Injection as a Primary Injection Method- Ben Whitworth
18. Enhance Emaciated Features Arterially Using Split Injection and Restricted Drainage- Sharon L. Gee
19. Embalming—United Kingdom and European- Peter J. Ball, FBIE
20. The Art of Embalming and its Purpose- Ron Hast
21. Embalming COVID-19: Infection Control and Storage- Jzyk S. Ennis, PhD
22. Cosmetic Airbrushing of Un-embalmed Decedents- Daryl M. Hammond